General average is an unwritten, non-statutory, international maritime law which is universally recognized and applied. It is founded on the principle that vessel and goods are parties to the same venture and share exposure to the same perils, which may require sacrifice or the incurring of extraordinary expense on the part of one for the benefit of the whole venture.
General average bond
Document required of cargo owners after a 'General Average' loss, obtaining their agreement to pay any contribution that may become due.
General average guarantee
Given by cargo underwriters, after a 'General Average' loss, agreeing to meet their Assured's liability for contribution.
General order warehouse
Genset (generator set)
A portable power generator, which converts fuel into electrical power by mechanical means, and from which a reefer draws power. A clip-on generator set is mounted to the front of the refrigeration unit. An underslung generator set is mounted to the chassis upon which the reefer is mounted for handling and transport. The underslung generator set can be either side-mounted or center-mounted on the chassis.
The front rails of the chassis that raise above the plane of the chassis and engage in the tunnel of a container.
Incoterms are a set of uniform rules codifying the interpretation of trade terms defining the rights and obligation of both buyer and seller in an international transaction, thereby enabling anotherwise complex basis for a sale contract to be accomplished in three letters. Incoterms are drafted by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).
Inland clearance depot
Insulated tank container
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
ISO 是全球標準團體,由全世界大約有130 個國家聯盟. 這是由一九四七年成立, 由非政府組織建立促進發展國際貿易標準. ISO 及後被出版作為國際標準的國際協議
付運模式的一種. 貨櫃由外國經水路到達, 再通過火車或貨車安排之陸路運送到內陸目的地, 亦稱I.P.I. 或Through Service
Mini landbridge (MLB)
付運模式的一種. 貨櫃由外國經水路到達, 再通過火車安排之陸路運送到內陸目的地
可作多種解釋, 如:公噸, 立方米, 空的貨櫃或多種模式運輸
Overland Common Point rates which are generally lower than local tariff rates, were established by the U.S. West Coast steamship companies in conjunction with railroads serving the western U.S. so that cargo originating or destined to the American Midwest and East would be competitive with all-water rates via the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf ports. O.C.P. rates are also applicable to eastern Canada.
Ocean bill of lading
On board B/L
Open top container
外向運輸, 貨船或貨物從起運港, 起運點或收貨地向外地口岸航行
Over height cargo
卡板, 在前及後方有二行空隙以便被鏟車的前臂放進, 而可在同一時間移動一件或多過一件之貨物
Perils of the sea
在海上因自然力量引起的危險, 如波濤洶湧, 暴風等
The point-to-point movement of one transportation vehicle upon another. A highway semi-trailer on a railroad flat car or trailer ferry, a van-container on board a ship, or new passenger automobiles on auto-rack cars are all forms of piggyback transportation.
Air warmed by the container cargo delivered to the evaporator. The temperature of return air often controls the operation of the refrigeration unit.
Roll-on/Roll-off. A feature designed in a specially constructed vessel in both the loading and discharging ports.
A maritime lien which exists when a ship or goods comes into the possession of one who preserves them from peril at sea. All salvage services carry with them a maritime lien on the things saved.
A loss which it is presumed would, but for certain services rendered, have become a total loss. The charges incurred are "salvage charges". The property saved is the "salvage". When referring to goods a salvage loss is one resulting from shipwreck or from a situation where, by the peril of the sea, the vessel is prevented from proceeding on her voyage and the cargo, or the part that is saved is obliged to be sold at a place short of the port of destination. The term is used in marine insurance when at a point short of destination, it can be shown that it would cost more to forward damaged goods to their destination than the goods would realize on the spot. The underwriters usually pay the difference between the total insured value and the net proceeds of the goods, such a settlement being known as a "salvage loss".
A custom house form filled by the shipper of goods to other countries. Also called shipper's manifest. It mentions the marks, numbers, quantity, description and value of the goods at time and place of export. There is a different definition in USA as "The shipper's export declaration (SEDs) forms 7525-V and 7525-V-Alternate (Intermodal) and the shipper's export declaration for In-Transit Goods, Form 7513, are JOINT-BUREAU OF THE CENSUS- INTERNATIONAL TRADE ADMINISTRATION DOCUMENTS used for compiling the official U.S. export statistics and administering the requirements of the Export Administrative Act.
Standard International Trade Classification (SITC)
Store-Door delivery (STOR/DOR)
Delivery of goods to consignee's place of business or warehouse by motor vehicle. Refers to a complete package of delivery services performed by a carrier from origin to final consumption point, whether that be a retail, wholesale or other final distribution facility. Abbreviated in CCMS as SDD.